top-menu

Mississippi Agriculture Overview

Agriculture is Mississippi’s number one industry, employing approximately 29% of the state’s workforce either directly or indirectly. Agriculture in Mississippi is a 7.6 billion-dollar industry. There are approximately 36,700 farms in the state covering 10.8 million acres. The average size farm is composed of 294 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 82 counties. In celebration of the efforts of those who work so hard to feed and clothe us, we present this overview of Mississippi’s top 16 agricultural crops.

1.   Poultry / Eggs – $2.9 Billion

  • Approximately 733 million broilers were produced in 2016.
  • 1,430 broiler farms.
  • 1,390 million eggs produced in 2016.
  • 276 farms with 100+ layers.

2.   Forestry – $1.4 Billion

  • 19,700,000 acres.
  • 125,000 forest landowners.

3.   Soybeans – $1 Billion

  • 96,960,000 bushels produced in 2016.
  • 3,274 farms.

4.   Cotton – $442 Million

  • 1,100,000 bales produced in 2016.
  • 824 farms.

5.   Corn – $436 Million

  • 119,520,000 bushels produced in 2016.
  • 2,022 farms.

6.   Cattle/Calves – $315 Million

  • 940,000 head in 2016.
  • 15,940 farms.

7.   Catfish – $169 Million

  • 35,000 acres of production in 2016.
  • 150 operations.

8.   Rice – $139 Million

  • 13,929,000 hundredweight rice produced in 2016.
  • 259 farms.

9.   Hay – $127 Million

  • 1.41 million tons produced in 2016.
  • 640,000 acres harvested.

10.  Sweet Potatoes – $116 Million

  • 4.93 million hundredweight produced in 2016.
  • 29,000 acres harvested.

11.   Horticultural Crops – $105 Million

  • Horticulture crops include vegetables, melons, potatoes, fruits, tree nuts, berries, nursery, greenhouses, floriculture, sod and Christmas trees.

12.   Hogs – $92 Million

  • 530,000 hogs and pigs.
  • 306 farms.

13.  Peanuts – $27 Million

  • 155 million pounds produced in 2016.
  • 38,000 acres harvested.
  • 128 farms.

14.  Milk – $25 Million

  • 11,000 milk cows in 2016.
  • 85 Grade A dairy herds.

15.   Wheat – $10 Million

  • 2,400,000 million bushels produced in 2016.
  • 1,247 farms.

16.  Grain Sorghum – $4 Million

  • 1 million bushels produced in 2016.
  • 11,000 acres harvested.
  • 217 farms.

Mississippi Value of Production Estimates, December 2016.

Source:  Mississippi State University, Division of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine;
Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation