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Mississippi Agriculture Overview

Agriculture is Mississippi’s number one industry, employing approximately 29% of the state’s workforce either directly or indirectly. Agriculture in Mississippi is a 7.72 billion-dollar industry. There are approximately 35,800 farms in the state covering 10.7 million acres. The average size farm is composed of 299 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 82 counties. In celebration of the efforts of those who work so hard to feed and clothe us, we present this overview of Mississippi’s top 16 agricultural crops.

1.   Poultry / Eggs – $2.99 Billion

  • Approximately 747 million broilers were produced in 2018.
  • 1,430 broiler farms.
  • 1,410 million eggs produced.
  • 276 farms with 100+ layers.

2.   Forestry – $1.25 Billion

  • 19,700,000 acres.
  • 125,000 forest landowners.

3.   Soybeans – $1.06 Billion

  • 116,600,000 bushels produced in 2018.
  • 3,274 farms.

4.   Cotton – $623 Million

  • 1,480,000 bales produced in 2018.
  • 824 farms.

5.   Corn – $351 Million

  • 86,480,000 bushels produced in 2018.
  • 2,022 farms.

6.   Cattle/Calves – $305 Million

  • 930,000 head in 2018.
  • 15,940 farms.

7.   Catfish – $164 Million

  • 36,100 acres of production in 2018.
  • 160 operations.

8.  Sweet Potatoes – $118 Million

  • 5.40 million hundredweight produced in 2018.
  • 29,000 acres harvested.

9.  Rice – $117 Million

  • 10,147,000 hundredweight rice produced in 2018.
  • 259 farms.

10.  Hay – $106 Million

  • 1.18 million tons produced in 2018.
  • 590,000 acres harvested.

11. Horticultural Crops – $104 Million

  • Horticulture crops include vegetables, melons, potatoes, fruits, tree nuts, berries, nursery, greenhouses, floriculture, sod and Christmas trees.

12.  Hogs – $94 Million

  • 575,000 hogs and pigs.
  • 306 farms.

13.  Milk – $23 Million

  • 9,000 milk cows in 2018.
  • 68 Grade A dairy herds.

14. Peanuts – $19 Million

  • 96 million pounds produced in 2018.
  • 24,000 acres harvested.
  • 128 farms.

15.  Wheat – $12 Million

  • 2,065,000 million bushels produced in 2018.
  • 35,000 acres harvested.

16. Grain Sorghum – $4 Million

  • 240,000 bushels produced in 2018.
  • 3,000 acres harvested.