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Mississippi Agriculture Overview

Agriculture is Mississippi’s number one industry, employing approximately 29% of the state’s workforce either directly or indirectly. Agriculture in Mississippi is a 7.6 billion-dollar industry. There are approximately 36,200 farms in the state covering 10.7 million acres. The average size farm is composed of 296 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 82 counties. In celebration of the efforts of those who work so hard to feed and clothe us, we present this overview of Mississippi’s top 16 agricultural crops.

1.   Poultry / Eggs – $2.8 Billion

  • Approximately 746 million broilers were produced in 2017.
  • 1,430 broiler farms.
  • 1,395 million eggs produced.
  • 276 farms with 100+ layers.

2.   Forestry – $1.4 Billion

  • 19,700,000 acres.
  • 125,000 forest landowners.

3.   Soybeans – $1.1 Billion

  • 115,010,000 bushels produced in 2017.
  • 3,274 farms.

4.   Cotton – $562 Million

  • 1,400,000 bales produced in 2017.
  • 824 farms.

5.   Corn – $337 Million

  • 94,500,000 bushels produced in 2017.
  • 2,022 farms.

6.   Cattle/Calves – $285 Million

  • 890,000 head in 2017.
  • 15,940 farms.

7.   Catfish – $181 Million

  • 34,700 acres of production in 2017.
  • 155 operations.

8.  Sweet Potatoes – $123 Million

  • 4.93 million hundredweight produced in 2017.
  • 29,000 acres harvested.

9.  Hogs – $117 Million

  • 570,000 hogs and pigs.
  • 306 farms.

10.  Hay – $116 Million

  • 1.46 million tons produced in 2017.
  • 610,000 acres harvested.

11. Horticultural Crops – $107 Million

  • Horticulture crops include vegetables, melons, potatoes, fruits, tree nuts, berries, nursery, greenhouses, floriculture, sod and Christmas trees.

12.   Rice – $105 Million

  • 8,436,000 hundredweight rice produced in 2017.
  • 259 farms.

13.  Peanuts – $33 Million

  • 176 million pounds produced in 2017.
  • 43,000 acres harvested.
  • 128 farms.

14.  Milk – $26 Million

  • 9,000 milk cows in 2017.
  • 80 Grade A dairy herds.

15.   Wheat – $8 Million

  • 1,450,000 million bushels produced in 2017.
  • 25,000 acres harvested.

Mississippi Value of Production Estimates, December 2017.

Source:  Mississippi State University, Division of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine;
Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation

 

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