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Mississippi Agriculture Snapshot

Agriculture is Mississippi’s number one industry, employing approximately 17.4% of the state’s workforce either directly or indirectly. Agriculture in Mississippi is a 7.35 billion-dollar industry. There are approximately 34,700 farms in the state covering 10.4 million acres. The average size farm is composed of 300 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 82 counties. In celebration of the efforts of those who work so hard to feed and clothe us, we present this overview of Mississippi’s top 16 agricultural crops.

1.   Poultry / Eggs – $2.16 Billion

  • Approximately 763 million broilers were produced in 2020.
  • 1,237 broiler farms.
  • 1,392 million eggs produced in 2020.
  • 234 farms with 100+ layers.

2.   Soybeans – $1.21 Billion

  • 111,240,000 bushels produced in 2020.
  • 3,087 farms.

3.   Forestry – $1.13 Billion

  • 19,700,000 acres in 2020.
  • 125,000 forest landowners.

4.   Cotton – $491 Million

  • 1,310,000 bales produced in 2020.
  • 780 farms.

5.   Corn – $387 Million

  • 88,690,000 bushels produced in 2020.
  • 1,427 farms.

6.   Cattle/Calves – $261 Million

  • 920,000 head in 2020.
  • 15,980 farms.

7.   Catfish – $172 Million

  • 35,100 acres of production in 2020.
  • 205 operations.

8.  Hay – $140 Million

  • 1.40 million tons produced in 2020.
  • 610,000 acres harvested.

9.  Rice – $138 Million

  • 12,580,000 hundredweight rice produced in 2020.
  • 221 farms.

10. Horticultural Crops – $106 Million

Horticulture crops include vegetables, melons, potatoes, fruits, tree nuts, berries, nursery, greenhouses, floriculture, sod and Christmas trees.

11.Sweet Potatoes – $97 Million

  • 4.87 million hundredweight produced in 2020.
  • 27,500 acres harvested.
  • 172 farms.

12.  Hogs – $38 Million

  • 190,000 hogs and pigs.
  • 1,002,000 piglets born in 2020.
  • 437 farms.

13.  Milk – $24 Million

  • 8,500 milk cows in 2020.
  • 65 Grade A dairy herds.

14. Peanuts – $18.9 Million

  • 99 million pounds produced in 2020.
  • 22,000 acres harvested.
  • 113 farms.

15.  Wheat – $4.2 Million

  • 860,000 bushels produced in 2020.
  • 20,000 acres harvested.
  • 162 farms.

Mississippi Value of Production Estimates, December 2020.
Source:  Mississippi State University, Division of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine;
Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation