top-menu

Mississippi Agriculture Overview

Agriculture is Mississippi’s number one industry, employing approximately 29% of the state’s workforce either directly or indirectly. Agriculture in Mississippi is a 7.45 billion-dollar industry. There are approximately 34,700 farms in the state covering 10.4 million acres. The average size farm is composed of 299 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 82 counties. In celebration of the efforts of those who work so hard to feed and clothe us, we present this overview of Mississippi’s top 16 agricultural crops.

1.   Poultry / Eggs – $2.78 Billion

  • Approximately 756 million broilers were produced in 2019.
  • 1,237 broiler farms.
  • 1,410 million eggs produced in 2019.
  • 234 farms with 100+ layers.

2.   Forestry – $1.15 Billion

  • 19,700,000 acres in 2019.
  • 125,000 forest landowners.

3.   Soybeans – $762 Million

  • 81,500,000 bushels produced in 2019.
  • 3,087 farms.

4.   Cotton – $585 Million

  • 1,600,000 bales produced in 2019.
  • 780 farms.

5.   Corn – $455 Million

  • 107,880,000 bushels produced in 2019.
  • 1,427 farms.

6.   Cattle/Calves – $268 Million

  • 900,000 head in 2019.
  • 15,980 farms.

7.   Catfish – $172 Million

  • 36,300 acres of production in 2019.
  • 205 operations.

8.  Sweet Potatoes – $95 Million

  • 4.55 million hundredweight produced in 2019.
  • 26,000 acres harvested.

9.  Rice – $91 Million

  • 8,302,000 hundredweight rice produced in 2019.
  • 221 farms.

10.  Hay – $151 Million

  • 1.40 million tons produced in 2019.
  • 610,000 acres harvested.

11. Horticultural Crops – $106 Million

  • Horticulture crops include vegetables, melons, potatoes, fruits, tree nuts, berries, nursery, greenhouses, floriculture, sod and Christmas trees.

12.  Hogs – $96 Million

  • 190,000 hogs and pigs (12/23/19 inventory).
  • 1,021,000 piglets born in 2019.
  • 437 farms.

13.  Milk – $24 Million

  • 8,000 milk cows in 2019.
  • 65 Grade A dairy herds.

14. Peanuts – $16 Million

  • 76 million pounds produced in 2019.
  • 19,000 acres harvested.
  • 113 farms.

15.  Wheat – $5 Million

  • 987,000 bushels produced in 2019.
  • 21,000 acres harvested.
  • 162 farms.

16. Grain Sorghum – $1 Million

  • 1.0 million value of production in 2019.
  • 40 farms.
  • Acreage and yield/production estimates for Mississippi were discontinued in 2019.

Mississippi Value of Production Estimates, December 2019.
Source:  Mississippi State University, Division of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine;
Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation