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Mississippi Agriculture Overview

Agriculture is Mississippi’s number one industry, employing approximately 29% of the state’s workforce either directly or indirectly. Agriculture in Mississippi is a 7.4 billion-dollar industry. There are approximately 37,100 farms in the state covering 10.9 million acres. The average size farm is composed of 294 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 82 counties. In celebration of the efforts of those who work so hard to feed and clothe us, we present this overview of Mississippi’s top 16 agricultural crops.

1.   Poultry / Eggs – $3.22 Billion

  • Approximately 730 million broilers were produced in 2015.
  • 1,430 broiler farms.
  • 1,415 million eggs produced in 2015.
  • 276 farms with 100+ layers.

2.   Forestry – $1.16 Billion

  • 19,700,000 acres.
  • 125,000 forest landowners.

3.   Soybeans – $930 Million

  • 104,880,000 bushels produced in 2015.
  • 3,274 farms.

4.   Cattle/Calves – $448 Million

  • 910,000 head in 2015.
  • 15,940 farms.

5.   Corn – $343 Million

  • 89,725,000 bushels produced in 2015.
  • 2,022 farms.

6.   Cotton – $254 Million

  • 670,000 bales produced in 2015.
  • 824 farms.

7.   Catfish – $185 Million

  • 40,000 acres of production in 2015.
  • 185 operations.

8.   Rice – $132 Million

  • 10,800,000 hundredweight rice produced in 2015.
  • 259 farms.

9.   Horticultural Crops – $112 Million

  • Horticulture crops include vegetables, melons, potatoes, fruits, tree nuts, berries, nursery, greenhouses, floriculture, sod and Christmas trees.

10.   Hay – $105 Million

  • 1.49 million tons produced in 2015.
  • 620,000 acres harvested.

11.   Hogs – $100 Million

  • 560,000 hogs and pigs.
  • 306 farms.

12.  Sweet Potatoes – $81 Million

  • 4.05 million hundredweight produced in 2015.
  • 21,500 acres harvested.
  • 89 farms.

13.  Grain Sorghum – $39 Million

  • 10 million bushels produced in 2015.
  • 115,000 acres harvested.
  • 217 farms.

14.   Wheat – $32 Million

  • 5,760,000 million bushels produced in 2015.
  • 1,247 farms.

15.  Milk – $32 Million

  • 12,000 milk cows in 2015.
  • 82 Grade A dairy herds.

16.  Peanuts – $29 Million

  • 168 million pounds produced in 2015.
  • 42,000 acres harvested.
  • 128 farms.

Mississippi Value of Production Estimates, December 2015.

Source:  Mississippi State University, Division of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine;
Mississippi Farm Bureau Federation